The energy sector and mining industry of Ukraine

The following cross-industry complexes are formed in the structure of the industry: Energy – (electricity and fuel industry: coal, oil and natural gas and oil, etc.); Iron (ferrous and non-ferrous metals), which together with the machine-building, traditionally united in metallurgical – machine-building complex; chemical and forest. Most industries are included in the heavy industry, ie they dominated the production of capital goods – machinery, equipment, fuel, raw materials, etc. Note the fact that the fuel and energy sector owns more than a quarter of the fixed assets of Ukrainian industry. Mining is fully a part of the heavy industry. It produces raw materials and fuel, performs their primary processing, preparation for further processing, the production of electricity at hydroelectric power plants, etc. There are the mining industry, which is concerned only with obtaining raw materials and fuels from the earth. Of all the branches of industrial production the mining industry is the most asset-intensive and time-consuming.
Extractive industries in their placement guided by the sources of raw materials, energy and fuel – coal basins, oil, gas, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, agricultural ores (phosphate raw material, potassium salts), chemical raw materials resources and construction materials. The highest concentration of enterprises in the industry is located in the Donbas, average Transnistria and Carpathians.
Ukraine a European scale is a significant producer of certain types of products: coal, iron ore, ferrous metals, cement, fertilizers and others.
The electricity industry is one of the oldest basic sectors of Ukrainian economy. Electricity generation based on the burning of coal, oil, natural gas and nuclear energy, river energy. The biggest thermal power plant located in the Donbas (Vuglegorskaya, Starobeshivskaya, Mironovskaya, Kurakhovskaya et al.), In the Dnipro (Dnieper, Krivoy Rog) in the Kharkiv region (Zmiivskaya TPP), Kiev region (Tripoli TPP), Ivano-Frankivsk region (Burshtyn TPP) , Lviv region (Dobrotvorskaya TPP), in Zaporozhye, Melitopol, Odessa and other cities. More than 30% of the electricity produced in nuclear power plants Ukraine (Rivne, Zaporizhzhya, South-Ukrainian, etc.).

Strategic development of the Ukrainian large measure depends on the location of its industrial complex in the labor section of the international system. At the same time industrial and foreign policy of the state should be closely interrelated and aimed primarily at improving the efficiency and competitiveness of industrial production. This requires: – encouraging entrepreneurs to revive industrial production by optimizing the ownership, facilitate the emergence of an efficient owner and encourage investment in the industry, the cancellation of the legal restrictions of industrial production; – Provision of state support to priority sectors of industrial production – a potentially lucrative industry and complexes; – Introduction of new technologies, encouraging entrepreneurs to innovate; – Stimulate reduce resource consumption, particularly energy-intensive production, the closure or restructuring of inefficient enterprises, changes in the sectoral structure; – Improving the competitiveness of Ukrainian enterprises and the expansion of markets by shifting production to closed technological cycle of production of final consumption goods for the domestic market and third country markets. General directions of improvement of these industries are in the energy sector – the production of a new concept of providing their own needs, aimed at a comprehensive energy savings in all areas of management, to a significant reduction in energy intensity of gross domestic product, the search for new, alternative energy sources, introduction of technologies which increase the volume of resources of the subsoil. The structural reorientation of Ukrainian industry efficiently carried out in directions: improvement of the industry, and intra-territorial structure, providing balanced and proportional development of the industrial complex, modernization and transition to new advanced technologies in all industries, the development of knowledge-intensive sectors and industries.